A plaque remaining from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem.

Above, a 1934 plaque from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem. Discarded as trash in 2006. Now a Popeyes fast food restaurant on Google Maps.

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Entry from January 25, 2016
Vermont: Green Mountain State (nickname)

Entry in progress—B.P.
Wikipedia: Green Mountains
The Green Mountains are a mountain range in the U.S. state of Vermont. The range runs primarily south to north and extends approximately 250 miles (400 km) from the border with Massachusetts to that with Quebec, Canada. The part of the range that is in Massachusetts is known as The Berkshires, and the part in Quebec is called the Sutton Mountains, or Monts Sutton.
All mountains in Vermont are often referred to as the “Green Mountains”. However, other ranges within Vermont, including the Taconics — in southwestern Vermont’s extremity — and Northeastern Highlands, are not geologically part of the Green Mountains.
The Vermont Republic, also known as the Green Mountain Republic, existed from 1777 to 1791, at which time Vermont became the 14th state.
Vermont not only takes its state nickname (“The Green Mountain State”) from the mountains, it is named after them. The French Verts Monts is literally translated as “Green Mountains”. This name was suggested in 1777 by Dr. Thomas Young, an American revolutionary and Boston Tea Party participant. The University of Vermont and State Agricultural College is referred to as UVM, after the Latin Universitas Viridis Montis (University of the Green Mountains).
Wikipedia: Green Mountain Boys
The Green Mountain Boys were a militia organization first established in the late 1760s in the territory between the British provinces of New York and New Hampshire, known as the New Hampshire Grants (which later became the state of Vermont). Headed by Ethan Allen and members of his extended family, they were instrumental in resisting New York’s attempts to control the territory, over which it had won de jure control in a territorial dispute with New Hampshire.
1 October 1772, Massachusetts Gazette (Boston, MA), Supplement, pg. 1, col. 2:
... and Capt. Warner’s company of Green Mountain Boys under arms, fixed three volleys of small arms, in consort & aid of the glory.
OCLC WorldCat record
The Green Mountain boys adieu. : On leaving the encampment at Burlington, September, 1813. ... “Tune the Soldier’s farewell.”
Author: Nathaniel Coverly
Publisher: [Boston] : Printed by N. Coverly, Jun, Milk Street., [1813]
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
OCLC WorldCat record
Battle of Plattsburgh, and victory on Lake Champlain, : in which 14,000 British myrmidons were defeated and put to flight by 5,000 Yankees and Green-Mountain boys, on the memorable eleventh of Sept. 1814. : Tune—“Battle of the kegs.”
Publisher: [Vermont : s.n., 1814]
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
3 July 1826, New Hampshire Patriot & State Gazette (Concord, NH), pg. 4, col. 1:
It is believed his nomination will be universally greeted by the republicans of the Green Mountain State.
OCLC WorldCat record
The green mountain boys: a historical tale of the early settlement of Vermont
Author: Daniel P Thompson; or The money diggers Author of May Martin; Vermont.
Publisher: Montpelier, Vt., 1839.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
Google Books
April 1845, Cincinnati Miscellany (Cincinnati, OH), pg. 240, col. 1:
Vermont, Green Mount’n boys.
Chronicling America
23 August 1845, Ripley (MS) Advertiser, pg. 1, cols. 4-5:
NATIONAL NICKNAMES.—It will be seen by the following from an exchange paper that the people of every state have nicknames, and some very curious and ludicrous ones:
The inhabitants of Maine, are called Foxes; New Hampshire, Granite Boys; Massachusetts, Bay Staters; Vermont, Green Mountain Boys; Rhode Island, Gun Flints; Connecticut, Wooden Nutmegs; New York, Knickerbockers; New Jersey, Clamcatchers; Pennsylvania, Leatherheads; Delaware, Muskrats; Maryland, Craw-Thumpers; Virginia, Beagles; North Carolina, Weasels; Georgia, Buzzards; Louisiana, Creowls; Alabama, Lizzards; Kentucky, Corn crackers; Tennessee, Cottonmanics; Ohio, Buckeyes; Indiana, Hoosiers; Illinois, Suckers; Missouri, Pewks; Mississippi, Tadpoles; Arkansas, Gophers; Michigan, Wolverines; Florida, Fly-up-the-Creeks; Wisconsin, Badgers; Iowa, Hawkeyes; N. W. Territory, Prairie Dogs; Oregon, Hard Cases.
OCLC WorldCat record
The Liberator. A Word of Liberal Christianity in the Green Mountain State.
Publisher: Boston
Edition/Format: Article Article
Publication: THE LIBERATOR, (July 29, 1859)
Chronicling America
4 July 1860, The Spirit of Democracy (Woodsfield, OH), “National Nicknames,” pg. 1, col. 7:
The inhabitants of Maine are called Foxes; New Hampshire, Granite Boys; Massachusetts, Bay Staters; Vermont, Green Mountain Boys; Rhode Island, Gun Flints; Connecticut, Wooden Nutmegs; New York, Knickerbockers; New Jersey, Clam Catchers; Pennsylvania, Leather Heads; Delaware, Muskrats; Maryland, Claw Thumpers; Virginia, Beagles; North Carolina, Tar Boilers; South Carolina, Weasels; Georgia, Buzzards; Louisiana, Creowls; Alabama, Lizards; Kentucky, Corn Crackers; Ohio, Buckeyes; Michigan, Wolverines; Indiana, Hoosiers; illinois, Suckers; Missouri, Pukes: Mississippi, Tad-Poles; Florida, Fly up the Creeks; Wisconsin, Badgers; Iowa, Hawkeyes; Oregon, Hard Cases.
Google Books
June 1865, The Wisconsin Journal of Education, pg. 328:
The following are the “nicknames” of the native inhabitants of the different States:
... Vermont, Green Mountain Boys.
Google Books
U. S.
An Index to the United States of America

Compiled by Malcolm Townsend
Boston, MA: D. Lothrop Company
Pg. 73:
Vermont…Green Mountain...From the translation of its State name vert, green, mont, mountain—the Green Mountains.
Pg. 81:
Vermont…Green Mountain Boys...From their living among the Green Mountains.
Google Books
Universal Dictionary of the English Language
Edited by Robert Hunter and Charles Morris
New York, NY: Peter Fenelon Collier, Publisher
Pg. 5344:
Vermont. The Green Mountain State.
Vermont. Green Mountain boys.
OCLC WorldCat record
Vermont; a guide to the Green Mountain state,
Author: Federal Writers’ Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of Vermont.
Publisher: Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1937.
Series: American guide series.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
OCLC WorldCat record
Vermont : green mountain state.
Author: Vermont Development Commission.; Vermont. Department of Education.
Publisher: Montpelier, Vt. : Vermont Development Commission : Vermont Dept. of Education, [1951]
Edition/Format:   Print book : State or province government publication : English

Posted by Barry Popik
Other ExpressionsOther States • Monday, January 25, 2016 • Permalink

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