The Oxford English Dictionary defines "hip-hop" as "a youth subculture, originating amongst the Black and Hispanic populations of New York City, which comprises elements such as rap music, graffiti art, and break-dancing, as well as distinctive codes of dress." The name "hip hop" probably emerged in 1979 with the lyric in the popular song "Rapper's Delight." "He (D.J. Starksy, a New York disc jockey -- ed.) is responsible for the derivation of the 'Hip-Hop'" was cited in February 1979.
[This entry includes research from Fred Shapiro of the American Dialect Society.]
24 February 1979, New Pittsburgh Courier (Pittsburgh, PA), pg. 17:
In producing concerts, his syndicated New York Alive television program live and taping discoes "a real drawing card," St. James has garnered success because he has dared to be creative. D.J. Starksy, one of the more prominent New York based disc jockeys, who will be in Pittsburgh to host Enterprise Communication's Rock Contest, has also. He is responsible for the derivation of the "Hip-Hop."
12 December 1981, New Musical Express, pg. 24:
BROTHER D WITH COLLECTIVE EFFORT:
How We Gonna Make The Black Nation Rise?
The label features a picture of a gun-toting Rasta, but the record has nothing to do with Jamaica. It's pure Harlem black political consciousness set to that hip-hop Bronx beat.
January 1982, N.Y. Rocker (New Yrk, NY), pg. 28, col. 4:
Hip-hop DJ's can repeat ever-shorter phrases, with a little nimble-fingered action on the rim or the label.
June 1982, Black Enterprise, "Rapping Their Way to Gold," pages 233-238. Pg.233, col. 2:
Sylvia Robinson didn't really want to be at the Harlem World Disco on thathot Sunday evening in 1979.
(...)(Col. 3 -- ed.)
Robinson, an experienced songwriter and singer, soon scooped threeEnglewood, NJ teenagers off the street and into a studio to record _Rapper's Delight_, a rap record based on Chic's rhythm for "Good Times." The Robinsons started a new company called Sugar Hill Records, and dubbed their rappers the Sugar Hill Gang. This was the first time New York City's rapping style had been recorded, and to the mainline music business's amazement, therecord became the hottest seller of 1979, in the United States and Canada, while also making the Top Ten in Western Europe, Israel, and South Africa. The Robinsons claim that _Rapper's Delight_ has sold more than 2 millioncopies in the US alone, grossing mor e than $3.5 million, and sparking a legion of imitations.
25 February 1983, New York Times, pg C15 ad:
Wild Style Directed by Charlie Ahearn. WILD STYLE is the cinema's first "Hip Hop" musical, and it is straight from the South Bronx. "Hip-Hop" is part-Rap, part-Breaking, part-DJing, and if these terms are news to you, it's what a whole lot of ghetto teenagers are doing. WILD STYLE is an energetic and exuberant romance between a lone and legendary graffiti maker, Zoro, and his art, his girlfriend Rose, and his neighborhood. With Patti Astor as a roving journaliswt, and city kids playing themselves, filmmaker Charlie Ahearn has choreographed a celebration of street culture that dances somewhere between the actual and the fabulous. The beat is irresistible. 82 mins. (U.S.A. 1983)
31 August 1983, New York Times, pg. C20:
Mr. Laswell and Mr. Beinhorn speak the new language of hip-hop rhythms, drum computers, sequencers, and vocoders as naturally as if they had invented it.
21 March 1983, Time, pg. 72, col. 1:
Chilling Out on Rap Flash
New City music brings out the last word in style
Def. Definitely def. Definitely def, indeed. (...)
...this subculture, nicknamed hip hop...
26 May 1983, Rolling Stone, pg. 18, col. 1:
TALK THAT TALK/ WALK THAT WALK
It's fresh. It's the new deal. It's called "hip hop."