"Harlemite” is the name of an inhabitant of Harlem, in the borough of Manhattan. The name “Harlemite” has been cited in print since at least 1864.
Harlem is a large neighborhood within the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Since the 1920s, Harlem has been known as a major African-American residential, cultural and business center. Originally a Dutch village, formally organized in 1658, it is named after the city of Haarlem in the Netherlands. Harlem’s history has been defined by a series of economic boom-and-bust cycles, with significant population shifts accompanying each cycle.
Black residents began to arrive in masses in 1905, with numbers fed by the Great Migration. In the 1920s and 1930s,
23 September 1864, The Evening Post (New York, NY), pg. 2, col. 3:
The Harlemites on the War-Path.
To the Editors of the Evening Post:
An enthusiastic meeting of the Republican voters of Harlem was held last evening in Tooker’s Hall, in One Hundred and Twenty-eighth street.
26 April 1870, New York (NY) i>Herald, pg. 3, col. 3 classified ad:
TO LET—IN HARLEM, VERY HANDY TO CARS AND boat, furnished Rooms, with or without Breakfast; fine facilities for boating; family private and terms reasonable. Address HARLEMITE, Herald office.
9 November 1887, Puck, pg. 167:
THE LATEST DELICACY FOR HARLEM GOATS.
NEW YORK TOURIST.—What’s that goat running after that wagon for?
HARLEMITE.—That’s an undertaker’s wagon.
7 January 1891, New York (NY) Times, “Rapid Transit Proposals”:
HARLEMITES WHO SUGGEST THIRD TRACKS OF THE ELEVATED ROADS.
OCLC WorldCat record
Shop in 125th St. stores with confidence! : You are guaranteed: quality merchandise--low prices--fair dealing! This promise is backed by a group of leading Harlemites.
Author: 125th Street Shoppers’ Adjustment Committee (New York, N.Y.)
Publisher: [New York, N.Y. : s.n., 1941?]
Edition/Format: Book : English
OCLC WorldCat record
Publisher: New York, N.Y. : Harlem Dance Foundation, 1978-
Edition/Format: Journal, magazine : Periodical : English
Some Harlemites Don’t Really Like The “Harlem Shake” Craze
Posted February 21, 2013
Baauer’s “Harlem Shake” may have just hit No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, but some residents of Harlem aren’t too happy with it.