1893: John J. Fitz Gerald is born in Saratoga, New York. He has two brothers: Christopher (who would work for the New York Yankees) and James ( a sportswriter for the Washington Post who would hire Baseball Hall of Fame sportswriter Shirley Povich)
1897: 31 August 1897, ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH, pg. 2, cols. 3-5 (appledrawing)—THE BIG APPLE OF '97. (...) ...the Ozark orchards of Missouri—"the land of the Big Red Apple."
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 3 September 1897, ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH, pg. 8, cols. 2-4 (appledrawing)—THE BIG APPLE OF MISSOURI.
1909: Edward Martin's "big apple." (See FALSE ETYMOLOGIES.)
1921: On May 3, "the big apple" is mentioned in a column by John J. Fitz Gerald in the New York Morning Telegraph.
1924: On February 18, the column "Around the Big Apple" by John J. Fitz Gerald appears in the New York Morning Telegraph. "The Big Apple" is explained for the first time.
1926: InÂ a John J. Fitz Gerald column in the New York Morning Telegraph of December 1, "the Big Apple" is explained a second time.
1928: The New York Morning Telegraph featured a column titled "On the Big Apple."
1935: The Big Apple night club opens at the northwest corner of West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem. (See page one photo.) Harlemites begin to use "Big Apple" and "Apple" in their slang.
1936: A "Big Apple" club opens in Columbia, South Carolina. Black club patrons originate a dance soon to be called "The Big Apple." White students from the University of South Carolina observe the dance.
1937: The Big Apple dance becomes a national craze. Several Big Apple songs are recorded.
1966: Mayor John Lindsay calls New York "Fun City."Â Â "Fun" is used derisively; the "Big Apple" campaign about five years later seeks to replace this nickname.
1968: November 22, 1968, EAST VILLAGE OTHER, pg. 11 cartoon:
NARD N' PAT
VISIT THE CITY OF
NEW YORK CITY.
Â "WELL, KITTY-KAT, OL' PAL. HERE WE ARE IN NOO-YAWK CITY! TH' "BIGAPPLE," AS SOME CALL IT!"
Â "APPLE SCHMAPPLE! IT'S A CITY OF MORAL CORRUPTION!"Â
1970: Charles Gillett, president of the NY Convention and Visitors Bureau, revives "the Big Apple" as New York's symbol.
1988: A May 15 "Dear Abby" column asks readers why New York is called "the Big Apple." Some replies are printed on August 9. It is generally accepted that "the Big Apple" is a jazz term. Gerald Cohen, a professor at the University of Missouri-Rolla and editor of Comments on Etymology_, reads the columns. Working with the archives of the late San Francisco word collector Peter Tamony, Cohen descides to research horseracing links.Â
1990: Barry Popik meets Gerald Cohen in the New York Public Library. Popik does some research on "the Big Apple."
1991: Gerald Cohen publishes the 106-page monograph, Origin of New York CIty's Nickname "The Big Apple".Â
1992: Barry Popik discovers the December 1, 1926 "Big Apple" explanation by John J. Fitz Gerald.